Diabetes Mellitus

Written by, Eneregbu Akunna Isobel. (Registered Dietitian According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), diabetes is a group of metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (high level of glucose in the blood) resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. This disease was named diabetes by a Greek physician, which means “to flow through,” because of the large amounts of urine generated by patients. Later, the Latin word mellitus, which means “honeyed,” was added because of the amount of glucose in the urine. Diabetes Mellitus is one of the leading causes of death in the world. An estimated 23.6 ...
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By Ebiye Beedie, BSc (Hons) Optometry, MCOptom With the dry season not too far away, I thought it appropriate that this edition of Eye Matters be dedicated to discussing the effect the sun has on our eyes. It is loved for tanning the skin, encouraging crop growth and lifting our moods, but the truth is the sun is not always on our side. Although we may all be aware of the dangers to our skin and the importance of sunscreen, do we know how to protect our eyes? UV Radiation If you cast your mind back to those science lessons ...
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How Our Eyes Work

By Ebiye Beedie, BSc (Hons) Optometry, MCOptom It has been said that vision is the sense we most fear losing. However, according to the World Health Organisation, up to eighty percent of blindness worldwide is avoidable. Eye Matters aims to shed light on the workings of our eyes and the importance of maintaining eye health while providing a platform to address common questions. You may be surprised to learn that one of the smallest organs in the body is composed of so many vital parts. In this introductory edition of Eye Matters, we will have a brief look at how ...
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Young People Should Be Health Advocates In Nigeria

According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), the number of HIV infections in Nigeria is on a decline. However, over 50% of new infections is found among young people. Statistics like this should get everyone really worried because it reveals a vulnerability that is often ignored – young people are the most affected by the failing health system in Nigeria. It is only logical to conclude then that if young people bear the brunt of the many health problems in Nigeria, they should be at the front ...
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Pregnancy And Mental Health

Pregnancy, which should naturally be a cause for joy, is a challenging period for most women. Sadly, chief amongst these challenges are issues related to mental health that are often overlooked in the Nigerian antenatal care system. It is not uncommon to find women change behaviourally during pregnancy or after childbirth and in some women, it is so bad that those around them may want to stay away from them during this period. Some of these changes may be due to the myriad of changes that occur within and without the body during pregnancy and after childbirth. Very few people, ...
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